Laparoscopic Gallbladder Surgery:
In vertebrates the gallbladder (also gall bladder, biliary vesicle or cholecyst) is a small organ where bile is stored and concentrated before it is released into the small intestine. In humans, it lies beneath the liver, although the structure and position of the gallbladder can vary significantly between animal species. It receives and stores bile produced by the liver, via the common hepatic duct, and releases it via the common bile duct into the duodenum, where the bile helps in the digestion of fats.
The gallbladder can be affected by gallstones, formed by material that cannot be dissolved - usually cholesterol or bilirubin, a product of hemoglobin breakdown. These may cause significant pain, particularly in the right upper corner of the abdomen, and are often treated with removal of the gallbladder called a cholecystectomy. Cholecystitis, inflammation of the gallbladder, has a wide range of causes, including result from the impaction of gallstones, infection, and autoimmune disease.